On the Hunt for Derelict Crab Traps in South Carolina Coastal Waters

Posted Wed, 11/16/2022 - 11:00

Guest blog by: Lauren Faulk, Wildlife Biologist, South Carolina Department of Natural Resources

It was a muggy summer morning in Charleston, South Carolina, when several biologists from the South Carolina Department of Natural Resources Shellfish Research Section set out on our first attempt at removing marine debris at the bottom of the Charleston Harbor.

The derelict crab trap removal project team, with funding from the NOAA Marine Debris Program, has already devoted several days to mapping the bottom of the Ashley River in Charleston Harbor using a side-scan sonar system. We used a mapping program to view the side-scan data we collected, and scoured the maps to pinpoint and mark potential derelict crab traps. Once we had an idea of how many abandoned traps were lurking beneath the surface, we built a retrieval device – lovingly referred to as “The Retriever” – consisting of a series of flexible grappling hooks designed to drag along the bottom of these waterways and snag traps. We were all set, but the question remained: would we be able to recover the abandoned traps hidden in the murky depths?

We deployed The Retriever in the Ashley River, targeted our first potential derelict trap, and felt it snag on something about 20 feet below the surface. The team hauled on the lines, eager to see what we had hooked. Success! We officially retrieved our first subtidal derelict trap with the help of our maps and The Retriever. This marked an important milestone in our efforts to use remote sensing technology to investigate and address the issue of derelict crab traps in South Carolina estuaries.

Crabbing is a popular recreational activity and a valuable commercial industry in South Carolina. Traps become derelict when they are displaced or when their marking buoys are lost from events such as boat strikes, extreme weather, or equipment malfunction. These traps are particularly detrimental when they continue to “ghost fish,” catching and potentially killing a variety of organisms long after the gear has been lost. The true number and distribution of derelict crab traps in coastal South Carolina remains unknown. This project aims to improve our understanding of the impact of derelict fishing gear in South Carolina by mapping intertidal and subtidal areas of four estuaries.

An oyster reef built with repurposed crab traps.
Repurposed crab traps are used to restore oyster reefs at Fort Johnson, near Charleston, South Carolina (Credit: South Carolina Department of Natural Resources).

Back out on the water, we’ve made great progress mapping the project sites using side-scan sonar and an uncrewed aerial vehicle. Our team has already categorized what appears to be almost 150 derelict traps from these maps. The project plans to remove a portion of the mapped traps and repurpose them to create a restoration oyster reef. Using this well-established restoration approach, the retrieved crab traps have their funnels closed to prevent ghost-fishing, are coated in cement to encourage oyster recruitment, and are secured in the intertidal zone where they provide an excellent surface for oyster attachment and growth. Stay tuned to the project profile for a link to our upcoming web-based survey for reporting derelict crab traps in South Carolina!

On the Hunt for Derelict Crab Traps in South Carolina Coastal Waters

Posted Wed, 11/16/2022 - 11:00

For citation purposes, unless otherwise noted, this article was authored by the NOAA Marine Debris Program.

The Marine Debris Blog is no longer accepting comments but continues to display past contributions.

Ed Tavasieff

Thu, 12/01/2022 - 14:07

Hello, Thank you for your commitment to removing marine debris. I am a commercial fisherman in the San Francisco Bay Area who fishes for dungeness crab, California halibut and occasionally salmon if the season is productive. I do admire your efforts for removing marine debris and am curious if such a program exists from NOAA here in California and the West Coast. We do have gear retrieval efforts that I find somewhat effective however they lack the tec that you are incorporating, such as side scan. Being a halibut and salmon troller with lines that fish near the bottom, entangling in ghost gear that is not surface visible is dangerous and costly. As I mentioned there are efforts to remove gear but only if it is with buoy attached. Another factor present here is shifting sands and liquifaction of the sea bottom during large swell events. During these events the traps sink and become buried. Sometimes as much as 12 to 15ft. If buoys are still attached it is a matter of "pumping" out the trap with a long hose attached to a strong pump on the boat while pulling on the rope while it is in the power block. Are you able to do this. We are currently faced with traditional dungeness crab season closures due to whale entanglement. Removal of lost gear is important for reducing whale entanglements as well as reducing trolling entanglement that only leads to more lost gear and creates a dangerous situation for fishermen. So, in short are there any existing or proposed NOAA funded programs that will be implemented on the West Coast. ...